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Bedtime Habits That Affect Sleep: How to Establish a Healthy Routine


As humans, we spend about one-third of our lives in slumber. That means getting a good night’s sleep is essential for our overall health and well-being. However, some bedtime habits may negatively impact our sleep quality and duration, leading to daytime fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and irritability. Therefore, it’s crucial to establish healthy sleep practices to promote restful and restorative sleep. Here are a few bedtime habits that may affect sleep, as well as tips to improve your sleep routine.

1. Using Electronic Devices

Electronic devices, such as smartphones, tablets, and laptops, emit blue light that can disrupt the natural production of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep. The light exposure can also signal to our brain that it’s still daytime, making it harder to fall and stay asleep. Therefore, it’s recommended to avoid electronic devices before bedtime, at least an hour or two, to allow your body to wind down and prepare for sleep. Instead, consider reading a book, listening to calming music or sounds, or practicing relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or meditation.

2. Consuming Stimulants

Stimulants, such as caffeine and nicotine, can interfere with sleep by increasing heart rate and alertness, making it harder to fall asleep or stay asleep. Therefore, it’s best to avoid consuming these substances close to bedtime, at least four to six hours before sleep. Additionally, alcohol can disrupt sleep cycles and lead to restless sleep, so it’s best to limit or avoid alcohol before bed.

3. Irregular Sleep Schedule

Our bodies thrive on consistency and routine, including sleep schedules. Going to bed and waking up at different times each day can disrupt our circadian rhythm, the internal biological clock that regulates sleep and wakefulness, leading to difficulty falling asleep or waking up, as well as daytime sleepiness. Therefore, try to establish a consistent sleep schedule by going to bed and waking up at the same time each day, including weekends.

4. Overthinking or Worrying

Sometimes, we may feel overwhelmed by thoughts, worries, or stress, making it harder to relax and fall asleep. In these cases, it’s helpful to practice relaxation techniques, such as breathing exercises, visualization, or progressive muscle relaxation. You can also write down what’s on your mind or create a to-do list for the next day to clear your mind and feel more in control.

5. Poor Sleep Environment

Your sleep environment can also impact your sleep quality. Factors such as noise, temperature, light, and comfort can influence how quickly and deeply you fall asleep and how long you stay asleep. Therefore, create a sleep-conducive environment by making sure your bedroom is cool, quiet, and dark, and comfortable for you. You can also use earplugs, white noise machines, blackout curtains, or comfortable pillows and blankets to enhance your sleep environment.

In conclusion, establishing healthy bedtime habits is essential for promoting restful and restorative sleep. By avoiding electronic devices, consuming stimulants, irregular sleep schedules, overthinking/worrying, and poor sleep environments, you can improve your sleep quality and duration, leading to better health and well-being. Remember, good sleep hygiene practices take time and consistency to establish, but the benefits are worth it.

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